This image is restricted, permission must be requested for reproduction. Downloading for commercial use is prohibited. If you wish to obtain rights to reproduce this image please see our Rights and Reproductions page.

(Seville, Spain, 1617 - 1682, Seville, Spain)

Saint Rufina

c. 1665
Oil on canvas
36 3/4 x 26 1/8 in. (93.3 x 66.4 cm)
Century: 17th Century
Credit Line: Meadows Museum, SMU, Dallas. Algur H. Meadows Collection, MM.72.05
Accession Number: MM.72.05

More Information


<SPAN>José Domingo Irureta Goyena e Iñigo Ruiz de Ansoategui (1830-1921), Seville and Paris, by or before January 1874;<BR/>Purchased by Baron Gustave de Rothschild (1829-1911) on 27 January 1874; <SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">[1]</SPAN><BR/>By bequest to his granddaughter, Baronne Antoinette Léonino (1894-1990); <SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">[2]<BR/></SPAN>Confiscated by the Dienststelle Westen [Western Agency of the ERR] from Bedel &amp; Cie., Paris, October 1942; <SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">[3]<BR/></SPAN>Transferred together with <SPAN STYLE="font-style:italic">Saint Justa</SPAN> to Schloss Kogl, Austria;<SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"> [4]</SPAN><BR/>Recovered by Allied troops from Altaussee, Austria, and transferred to the Allied Munich Central Collecting Point; <SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">[5]<BR/></SPAN>Repatriated to France on the sixth convoy from the Allied Munich Central Collecting Point, 18 April 1946; <SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">[6]<BR/></SPAN>Restituted to Baronne Léonino by or before December 1947. <SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">[7]<BR/></SPAN>Paris art market, 1967;<SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"> [8]<BR/></SPAN>Purchased c. 1967 through (Galerie Heim, Paris) by (H. Shickman Gallery, New York); <SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">[9]<BR/></SPAN>Purchased September 1972 by the Meadows Foundation, Dallas, Texas.<SPAN STYLE="font-family:'Times New Roman';font-size:12pt"><BR/><BR/><BR/></SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">[1] Gustave de Rothschild’s account ledger lists a final payment to Reitlinger for the sale of two Murillos [</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">Saint Justa</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"> and</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic"> Saint Rufina</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">] from the collection of “M.r J. de Y. Goyena.” Rothschild Archives London (RAL), Lafite Papers  OB 61874 1er semestre OB 6 Gustave. <BR/><BR/>[2] RAL, Lafite Papers 000/1037/122: The posthumous inventory conducted 26 April 1912 of the Hôtel de Marigny, the Paris residence of Gustave and Cécile de Rothschild, cites the Murillo pendants as “deux portraits allégoriques” [two allegorical portraits] with an estimated value of 30,000 French francs, which hung in the Salon Rouge. RAL, Lafite Papers OE348: Gustave de Rothschild’s will stipulates the division of his collection into four lots for his son Robert, daughter Baronne Lambert, and the children of his deceased children, Lady Sassoon and Baronne Juliette Léonino. The two “allegorical portraits” by Murillo are listed in Lot B.<BR/><BR/>[3] Ministère des Affaires étrangères et du Développement International (MAEDI), La Courneuve, France: MAEDI/209SUP35.45858. </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">Saint Rufin</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">a is enumerated as no. 41 on the Bedel &amp; Cie. inventory list of Léonino’s property as “une peinture de Murillo /Jeune fille mi-corps vêtue de vert pâle” [a painting by Murillo/half-length image of a young woman dressed in pale green]. The Dienststelle Westen [Western Agency of the ERR] was the Paris-based Nazi looting force headed by Colonel Kurt von Behr, who closely collaborated with Alfred Rosenberg, head of the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR).<BR/><BR/>[4] National Archives and Records Administration (NARA),, M1943, RG 260/ roll 0019, R 1170. As indicated by the abbreviation “AGK/Dr. B.” on the front side of each of their ERR cards, </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">Saint Justa</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"> and </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">Saint Rufina</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"> were both with the Arbeitsgruppe Kogl (AGK), the ERR group at Schloss Kogl in Austria, following their confiscation in France.<BR/><BR/>[5]</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic"> Saint Rufina</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"> was catalogued as Aussee no. 848/3 and subsequently as Munich no. 1044/3:  NARA,, M1946, RG260/roll 0273, 1044/3; MAEDI/209SUP113. <BR/><BR/>[6] MAEDI/209SUP113.<BR/><BR/>[7] MAEDI/209SUP35.45858: On an annotated copy of the Bedel inventory list of Léonino’s property, a parabo</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">l</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">a encloses numbers 40 and 41 (</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">Saint Justa </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">and </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">Saint Rufina</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"> respectively), next to which the letter “R” is written in the margin. In this context, “R” is shorthand for “rendu” [returned], which is inscribed in full next to certain objects on this annotated inventory. On a second copy of the Bedel list, the ERR number of </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">Saint Rufina </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">(R 1170) and those of select objects are written in pencil; these annotations seem to indicate that the objects whose ERR numbers are noted on this list had been identified as Léonino’s property, and the restitution of these objects was thus imminent. Both annotated lists are in MAEDI/209SUP35.45858.<BR/>Neither </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">Saint Rufina</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"> nor </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">Saint Just</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">a features in</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic"> Le</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"> </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">Répertoire des biens Spoliés en France durant la guerre 1939-1945, </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt">a compendium of works of art confiscated by the Nazis from France during World War II that remained unrestituted by the date of its publication (1947-1949). </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic">Saint Rufina</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"> must have been restituted to Léonino prior to the publication on 11 December 1947 of the</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt;font-style:italic"> Répertoire’s</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"> volume 2, comprising paintings, tapestries and sculptures.<BR/><BR/>[8] Correspondence from Diego Angulo Íñiguez to William B. Jordan, 12 January 1973, Meadows Museum Object Files.<BR/><BR/>[9] Correspondence from Norman Leitman to William B. Jordan, 22 August 2012, Meadows Museum Object Files.</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-size:8pt"><BR/><BR/></SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-family:'Calibri';font-size:8pt"><BR/><BR/><BR/><BR/><BR/><BR/></SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-family:'Times New Roman';font-size:12pt"><BR/></SPAN></SPAN>

Submit comments about this object